Agricultural commodity consumption in the EU - Soy
May 3, 2017

Soy is the second largest agricultural driver of deforestation after cattle products (with agriculture responsible for about 70 per cent of all deforestation).  According to a 2013 study for the European Commission, soy expansion was responsible for nearly half of the deforestation embodied in products imported into the European Union between 1990 and 2008.

EU farm policies have played a role in encouraging soy imports. Early versions of the Common Agricultural Policy incentivized EU farmers to produce meat and cereals rather than protein crops such as soy.

The EU has made a commitment to end its role in deforestation by 2020. This will remain an impossible goal while policies and practices encourage demand for soy, with little concern about the deforestation or human rights violations generated by its production. 

Fern is calling for an EU Action Plan to ensure imports of forest-risk commodities are legally sourced and ecologically viable.

This is the second in a series of background notes on agricultural commodities.

 

Briefing notes in this series:

Palm oil soy fact   Soy fact sheet  cocoa Beef   fd​​​​​​​

 

References for the findings in this briefing note:

http://ec.europa.eu/environment/forests/pdf/1.%20Report%20analysis%20of%20impact.pdf

http://www.fern.org/stolengoods

https://www.chathamhouse.org/publication/agricultural-commodity-supply-chains-trade-consumption-and-deforestation 

4 Consumer Goods and Deforestation – An Analysis of the Extent and Nature of Illegality in Forest Conversion for Agriculture and Timber Plantations, 2014: www. Forest-trends.org/documents/files/doc_4718.pdf

http://ec.europa.eu/environment/forests/pdf/1.%20Report%20analysis%20of%20impact.pdf

https://www.chathamhouse.org/publication/agricultural-commodity-supply-chains-trade-consumption-and-deforestation

https://www.chathamhouse.org/publication/agricultural-commodity-supply-chains-trade-consumption-and-deforestation

8 Soy Barometer 2014, Research conducted by Profundo for the Dutch Soy Coalition: www.profundo.nl/files/download/Sojacoalitie1410a.pdf

http://www.globalsoybeanproduction.com/

10 http://www.fao.org/fileadmin/templates/esa/Global_persepctives/world_ag_2030_50_2012_rev.pdf

11 Soy Barometer 2014, Research conducted by Profundo for the Dutch Soy Coalition: www.profundo.nl/files/download/Sojacoalitie1410a.pdf

12 ABIOVE. Soja Plus. Program of Economic Management, Social and Environmental Responsibility of the Brazilian Soy

13 Illegal Deforestation Monitor – Soy Profile: http://www.bad-ag.info/commodities/soy/

14 http://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1088/1748-9326/6/2/024010/meta

15 http://wwf.panda.org/what_we_do/footprint/agriculture/soy/impacts/

16 http://wwf.panda.org/what_we_do/footprint/agriculture/soy/impacts/

17 Soy Barometer 2014, Research conducted by Profundo for the Dutch Soy Coalition: www.profundo.nl/files/download/Sojacoalitie1410a.pdf

18 http://www.survivalinternational.org/tribes/guarani[1] https://news.mongabay.com/2016/10/violence-against-indigenous-people-high-as-land-conflicts-heat-up/

19 Soy Barometer 2014, Research conducted by Profundo for the Dutch Soy Coalition: www.profundo.nl/files/download/Sojacoalitie1410a.pdf

20 Soy Barometer 2014, Research conducted by Profundo for the Dutch Soy Coalition: www.profundo.nl/files/download/Sojacoalitie1410a.pdf

21 https://cofcointernational.com/about-cofco-international/

22 http://www.fern.org/stolengoods

23 Company Promises: How Businesses are Meeting Commitments to End Deforestation; Fern; March 2017: http://www.fern.org/sites/fern.org/files/Company%20promises.pdf  

24 http://www.responsiblesoy.org/?lang=en

25 Company Promises: How Businesses are Meeting Commitments to End Deforestation; Fern; March 2017:  http://www.fern.org/sites/fern.org/files/Company%20promises.pdf

26 Illegal Deforestation Monitor – Soy Profile: http://www.bad-ag.info/commodities/soy/

27 The EU Common Agricultural Policy, Feedstocks and Deforestation, Fern, May 2017

28 https://nelson.wisc.edu/sage/docs/publications/GibbsetalScience2015.pdf

29 The EU Common Agricultural Policy, Feedstocks and Deforestation, Fern, May 2017

30 The EU Common Agricultural Policy, Feedstocks and Deforestation, Fern, May 2017

31 Figures obtained by the NGO Transport & Environment from FEDIOL, the EU vegetable oil and protein meal industry association

32 http://www.reuters.com/article/us-eu-energy-biofuels-idUSKBN13H1EA

33 http://www.un.org/climatechange/summit/wpcontent/uploads/sites/2/2014/07/New-York-Declaration-on-Forest-%E2%80%93-Action-Statement-and-Action-Plan.pdf and https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/sdg15

34 http://www.fern.org/publications/reports/developing-eu-measures-address-forest-risk-commodities-what- can-be-learned-eu

35 http://www.fern.org/blueprint

It will be of particular interest to journalists and those looking for an introduction to the topic.

To read a report on the EU Common Agricultural Policy, soy and deforestation click here

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