December 11, 2018

Illegal logging and the illicit timber trade thrive when legal frameworks, rights and benefits are unclear and complex to enforce. Transparency is therefore at the heart of Voluntary Partnership Agreements (VPAs) and over the last decade, countries implementing or negotiating a VPA have made 

October 20, 2018

The EU has made strong commitments to mitigate climate change, stop deforestation and respect human rights, including community rights to land. The trade agreements the EU is currently negotiating with highly forested countries risk, however, undermining these commitments.