Cocoa is crucial to Ghana’s economy, but is also a significant driver of deforestation. The Ghana National REDD+ Strategy identifies agricultural expansion to be responsible for at least 50 per cent of deforestation, with cocoa a major contributor.
Forests in Brazil, Argentina and Paraguay, all members of the Mercosur trade bloc, are being destroyed on an epic scale to make way for cattle. Beef production is the largest driver of global deforestation.
If European Union targets are met, by the year 2020, 20 per cent of the EU’s energy consumption will come from renewable sources. In an attempt to achieve this target, the EU is investing heavily in new sources of energy, including bioenergy.
The European Parliament is currently discussing the recast of the Renewable Energy Directive (RED II) which will determine how biomass can be used for energy towards meeting the EU’s renewable energy target and minimum sustainability safeguards.