Fossil fuels – left untouched – store carbon for millennia. Forests can also store carbon but for much shorter time periods. Climate scientists measure emissions and removals of carbon dioxide from land and forests separately from fossil fuel emissions. This sector is called LULUCF - Land Use, Land Use Change and Forestry. In EU climate policy it is one of three sectors which together must reduce EU greenhouse gas emissions to at least 40 per cent below 1990 levels by 2030.

Fern analyses and explains prohibitively complicated LULUCF discussions so that civil society and politicians can be more involved. We work with scientists to highlight where EU carbon storage is reducing and Member States are pushing for regulations to allow them to keep cutting down their country’s forests.

Key publications
The EU agreed its carbon accounting rules on land and forests at the end of 2017. For Fern’s response read: LULUCF: EU misses key chance to deliver on Paris Agreement. To see what NGOs had been asking for read NGO Position on the post 2020 LULUCF regulation and LULUCF: what would a good proposal look like? The understand the importance of reliable accounting rules for land and forest emissions read: Arctic Limits: How Finland’s forest policies threaten the Sámi and the climate.
All resources related to LULUCF